The results of the CHD SURF research conducted by the European Society of Cardiology and the European Association of Preventive Cardiology in Azerbaijan have been published in an international cardiology journal. The research was a clinical audit that aimed to assess the control of key risk factors for cardiovascular diseases in patients with confirmed atherosclerotic heart disease and to determine how well the international recommendations were implemented.
The study has been conducted in several regions of Azerbaijan and in cardiology departments in Baku between 2019 and 2021, thanks to the initiative of the Cardiology Society of Azerbaijan and the Cardioprophylaxis and Rehabilitation Working Group. The results of the research have shown that there is a significant lack of control over risk factors such as excessive weight, smoking, arterial hypertension, diabetes, and hyperlipidemia among patients suffering from cardiovascular diseases. This indicates that the desired targets recommended internationally have not been achieved to the desired extent.
This finding highlights the importance of enhancing the secondary prevention of cardiovascular diseases in healthcare institutions, which will contribute to reducing mortality rates, recurrent hospitalizations, disability, and consequently, healthcare costs.
The SURF clinical audit research was conducted based on a protocol prepared by Utrecht University in the Netherlands and Trinity College Dublin in Ireland.
During the international research, both renowned cardiologists from Azerbaijan and young physicians participated.